A beginning version of the Key of C sheet, with lettered notes, can be downloaded ) And here are the enharmonic keys: My piano teacher wrote out all 12 major scales, chord progressions, cadences, chord inversions and arpeggios for me when I was a little girl. But she did it by hand! There were no copy machines back then. How spoiled we've become. As a child, I had no idea how much time the exercises must have taken for her to write -- for all of those keys, too!
-- but even then, I appreciated and enjoyed playing these patterns. There seemed something a bit magical and comforting in this routine: playing a pattern in one key, and then repeating it in another key, necessarily adjusting hand position and utilizing different fingering choices, getting the same overall sound, but with a sudden freshness.
I always begin assigning the 12 major scales and chords with the 'Key of C' sheet. This won't be until my piano students are able to read the chord notes in the first measure (number 1) - or until they NEED to be able to play chord inversions and the octave scale, in which case I'll give them the, with lettered notes. We don't move in a hurry -- on their assignment sheet, I will write 'Key of C sheet, #1' until they can do it quickly with no prompting. Soon, their assignment sheet will say, 'Key of C sheet, #2, #3, #4.'
APPENDIX 6 KEYBOARD EXERCISES (SCALES, TRIADS, AND CHORD PROGRESSIONS) Playing Major Scales on the Keyboard Play the following major scales using the ﬁnger number.
Eventually, they will drop the easiest numbers off their assignment and pick up the harder techniques. My students are always eager to start regular full-octave scales (probably because I don't introduce them early, but spend lots of time on pentatonic scales). You may wonder why I have written the 2-octave scales in mirror fashion, with the hands moving in contrary motion instead of parallel. Well, using matching fingering '1-2-3, 1-2-3-4, (tuck under) 1-2-3 etc.'
Is a very easy way to learn a hands-together C scale initially. (And the page didn't look as nice with crowded fingering when I initially laid it out with parallel scales!) With the 1-octave scale, this is how I first approach hands together, so they can have the fun of achieving speed and coordination over the 'big stretch' even in the initial stages of learning where to tuck under and cross over. Of course, this becomes much harder in the later scales, when black notes enter the picture! In fact, once piano students have mastered parallel scales in one key, it becomes much easier to accomplish them in all 12 major scales, and we just go straight to parallel scales. The idea of the I, IV and V chords seems obvious to piano teachers who've been thinking that way for years, but the connections aren't at all apparent to some young students.
I try to keep reinforcing the concept by coming at it from different angles. My favorite way to talk about 'The Three Main Chords' is to play the regular scale slowly with a left-hand finger while making matching chords in the right hand.
Both hands move up the octave as I say, 'The one chord, the two chord, three chord, four chord.' Then I ask them to do it.
(And usually I say nothing about the chord on the seventh step of the scale and how it is different from all the rest; that would be too much information!) And my favorite way to actually drum the 3 main chords into their fingers (and brains) is to take an energetic song -- is my current favorite -- and make them (with my assistance, during lesson time) figure out what the chords will be for the key of the day (we work our way slowly around a Circle of 5ths, hand-drawn by me on their lesson sheet each week, with their assistance). Then we execute a quick duet, by rote, with me on the melody, and them banging away on chords.
First they play open chords, Left Hand, Right Hand, L,R,L,R, etc. Then I ask for a LH single bass note with a RH full triad (3 notes).
Then (and this is their favorite!) they must figure out the 3-chord cadence for that key, and use those inversions in the accompaniment. Students will move on to the other keys before they have finished the full page of C. Two-octave scales, chord inversions and arpeggios will wait until they seem appropriate. You may not agree with every one of my arpeggio or scale fingerings.
I put down the ones I personally use most. Certainly there are times when it is advisable to choose '5, 4, 2, 1' for left-hand arpeggio fingering, but I consider it the exception to the rule. Judith, in Canada, suggests starting with finger 2 when playing all-white note scales. Apartheid 1 0 Lxde I686 Isohunt. 'Try starting all white note arpeggios with 2nd finger in the right hand instead of 1st finger; This eliminates reaching a 4th when turning 1st finger under and replaces it with a 3rd. 'I always allow my students to experiment to find which fingering fits their hand best.
'For me the basic rule of fingering is that it must be logical and the hand must move smoothly; as long as students follow that guideline, they can use any fingering they wish. 'Just a little note: B Major and B minor are awkward arpeggios, no matter which fingering is used.' Just cross my fingering out if you want something different. I hope you find these 12 major scales and chords sheets useful in your music studio! Kim in Washington: My son is hooked.I've been introducing piano to my son on and off for a year or so, but he's not had much interest. Then I gave him.
He loved playing it with the organ sound on our piano. He memorized it that week and I'm printing off the other Halloween songs to keep him going. I love the detailed instructions on teaching since he is my first student!
Thanks so much. Dana: That is so neat that your son has experienced the magic and mystery of music through this little song. That is so exciting to me. Thanks for writing, Kim! Great Music Resources. Victoria: This website is one of the best things that's ever happened to me. I'm actually a high school student who teaches piano to elementary/middle school students!
Only being in high school and not having an actual job makes it difficult to find good, reliable music to give to my students without having to pay for it. But this site is a miracle! Almost everything that I give my students to play comes from this site. The sheet music is clean and clear and I, as well as my kids, love it! Thank you so much for everything that you do.
It really means and helps a lot.
Piano scales lay the foundation for a pianist’s keyboard skills and understanding of music. Mastering the music scales on the piano will not only help you know your keyboard, it will also provide you a knowledge base for learning piano music and even composing your own music. [Many piano teachers avoid teaching the scales because they are concerned their students will get bored. I have not found this to be true. Most piano students enjoy playing the scales and chords and related exercises. For the practicing piano player, the scales keep the fingers and the mind on the keys. As you learn and master the 12 major scales, and the 36 minor scales (natural minors, melodic minors, harmonic minors -3x12-) you will find pleasure in playing them all, or just focusing on one or two and doing 'in depth' exercises.
A piano player could easily spend several hours just exploring the possibilities with the scales. Piano scales help the pianist develop fingering awareness, keyboard familiarity and confidence, technique, understanding of music composition including melodic concepts and harmony, and just an overall comfort and mastery of the piano.
This all has a huge effect upon the piano player's abilities to read music, to learn and memorize music, and to compose music. Without a high level of scale proficiency, you will struggle to achieve high level piano skills.] The following pages offer a resource for pianists of all levels. Fingerings and practicing tips are for everyone.
(For an in depth practice plan for scales, go to.) A beginner should go through, learning and mastering these elements in the order presented here. For a more complete understanding of how to build your piano-playing foundation, read '. For the most direct, organized, and progressive path to learning to play the piano, start the series of piano lessons. Piano Scales: The Major Scales Learn and master the major scales and their fingerings on the piano. The Minor Scales Learn and master the minor scales and their fingerings on the piano. Octave Scales You will also want to incorporate octave scales into your practice routine.
Related Topics: Learn the chords on the piano from the most basic to the more complex. Also explore arpeggios, inversions, voicings, cadences, and progressions.
A simple chart of the key signatures for reference and/or memorization. From basic exercises for beginners to advanced exercises, this page offers some advice and resources for developing your technique using the incredible array of exercises available to pianists.
Take careful note of the practice tips. Mastering the scales will greatly enhance your music reading at the piano. If you have not started developing your music reading skills, get started now using this plan. Thank you 'Nothing in this world can take the place of persistence. Talent will not; nothing is more common than unsuccessful people with talent. Genius will not; unrewarded genius is almost a proverb.
Education will not; the world is full of educated derelicts. Persistence and determination alone are omnipotent. The slogan 'press on' has solved, and always will solve, the problems of the human race.' -Calvin Coolidge Success consists of going from failure to failure without loss of enthusiasm. -Winston Churchill 'Nothing great has ever been achieved without enthusiasm.' -Ralph Waldo Emerson 'If you think you can do something, or if you think that you cannot do it, you are right.'
-Henry Ford 'Joy does not come from what you do, it flows into what you do and thus into this world from deep within you.' -Eckhart Tolle Never, never, never give up. -Winston Churchill 'I like honesty and sincerity; and I maintain that an artist should not be shabbily treated.'
-Ludwig van Beethoven 'I do not have a single white note on my piano; my elephant smoked too much.' -Victor Borge 'Outside of a dog, a book is man's best friend. Inside of a dog it's too dark too read.' -Groucho Marx Denver Area Piano Lessons: If you live in the Denver-metro area and want me to teach you.